GENERAL ASSEMBLY FIRST COMMITTEESEVENTY-THIRD SESSION, 6TH MEETING (AM)
To activity the admeasurement of illicitly produced and traded baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons that is fuelling battle aural and amid countries, assembly in the First Committee (Disarmament and All-embracing Security) explored the accoutrement bare to adverse this threat, as its accepted agitation continued.
“As a victim of their proliferation, Liberia knows first‑hand their adverse altruistic and bread-and-er consequences,” said the West African country’s representative, apropos to the adulterous trade, accomplish and ascendancy of baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons. For its part, Liberia has fabricated abundant strides in application accessible accoutrement to activity this threat, including nationally implementing the Accoutrements Barter Accord and the United Nations Programme of Activity to Prevent, Activity and Eradicate the Adulterous Barter in Baby Accoutrements and Ablaze Weapons in All Its Aspects.
Several added African countries additionally aing calls for deepening ascendancy of these accepted weapons. Describing carelessness wreaked by Boko Haram in some genitalia of the continent, the Axial African Republic’s abettor accent a charge to acquisition an able band-aid to stop the beforehand of accoutrements and ablaze weapons. In that regard, he accent the access into force in 2017 of the Kinshasa Convention, clearly accepted as the Axial African Convention for the Ascendancy of Baby Accoutrements and Ablaze Weapons, Their Armament and All Genitalia and Components That Can Be Acclimated for Their Manufacture, Repair and Assembly.
Mali’s representative, while affable the aftereffect of the third Review Appointment on the Programme of Activity on Baby Arms, bidding aing abutment for the Bamako Declaration on an African Accepted Position on the Adulterous Proliferation, Apportionment and Trafficking of Baby Accoutrements and Ablaze Weapons. For its part, Mali has accustomed a abiding civic secretariat to activity the admeasurement of such armaments, which abide to arrest Africa’s development and prosperity. Together with partners, his appointment will abide a abstract resolution to the First Committee on countering actionable weapons trafficking so that the all-embracing association can acquisition a abiding solution.
Meanwhile, Sudan’s abettor categorical some civic efforts to brand out the beforehand of actionable weapons, including by accommodating in several regional, subregional and all-embracing initiatives to abate their misuse. However, “responsibility for active the admeasurement of such weapons should be placed on accomplishment States, not alone the afflicted countries,” he said, advancement these States to burden from exporting such weapons to non‑State actors.
Indeed, Zambia’s adumbrative said, the “collective censor does not beef back countries accrue or use weapons”. While altruism has fabricated breakthrough leaps in the development of armament and the art of killing, he continued, it has been affective steadily backwards in the development of measures that should abridge it.
Delegates from added regions aggregate their experiences. Jamaica’s adumbrative aing added States from the Latin American and Caribbean arena in cogent a charge to stemming the breeze of baby arms. In that vein, she said disarmament efforts charge accommodate apprenticeship initiatives that acquiesce for greater accessible assurance in reducing, authoritative and eliminating all categories of weapons.
Delegates additionally discussed added acute disarmament and all-embracing aegis issues, including the weaponization of alien space, a nuclear‑weapon‑free area in the Middle East, the Joint Absolute Plan of Activity independent in the Iran nuclear acceding and the Absolute Nuclear Test‑Ban Treaty.
Also carrying statements were the assembly of Samoa, Netherlands, Malaysia, Republic of Moldova, Georgia, Italy, Malawi, Ethiopia, Peru, United Kingdom, Nicaragua, Portugal and Bahrain. The adumbrative of Syria batten in exercise of the adapted of reply.
The First Committee will reconvene at 3 p.m. on Monday, 15 October, to abide its accepted debate.
The First Committee (Disarmament and All-embracing Security) met this morning to abide its accepted agitation on all calendar items afore it. For accomplishments information, see Press Release GA/DIS/3597 of 8 October.
ABDULLAH HALLAK (Syria), speaking on a point of order, said his appointment took affair with the animadversion fabricated on 11 October by his analogue from the United States. He said the adumbrative of the United States, who batten in exercise of the adapted of reply, declared the Syrian adumbrative as “a joke”. In accomplishing so, the adumbrative of the United States showed a abridgement of account for adept traditions and accepted manners. These comments approved a abridgement of account on account of the United States for standards of all-embracing practice, he said, abacus that this affects the assignment and deliberations of the Committee.
ALI’IOAIGA FETURI ELISAIA (Samoa) said his country’s geographic area no best bouncer it from today’s circuitous aegis challenges. The interconnectedness of the apple has abstract a charge for aing cooperation amid States. Recalling that the arena has been a testing arena for nuclear admiral back the 1970s, he said the Pacific Islands Forum Leaders accept included in their communiqué a advertence to accredit with nuclear‑weapon States in acclamation the advancing appulse of these tests. The attendance of the South Pacific Nuclear Chargeless Area Treaty, accepted as the Accord of Rarotonga, has played a bridle role to aegis the arena and assure the ocean from radioactive contagion and dumping. Samoa ratified the Accord on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons two weeks ago, he said, reaffirming his country’s acceptance that possessing nuclear weapons alone makes the apple beneath peaceful. Regarding the Accoutrements Barter Treaty, Samoa is committed to implementing its obligations beneath that Treaty, including by administering its anniversary gun absolution that allows bodies to duke in accoutrements afterwards prosecution.
DIEDRE NICHOLE MILLS (Jamaica), emphasizing that new sources of battle are fuelled by social, bread-and-er and political discontent, commended the Secretary‑General for ablution his disarmament agenda. She said the disarmament accouterment charge activity added finer and not be accustomed to abatement victim to divisiveness. The United Nations charge abide arena a cardinal role in acknowledging accord and aegis at all levels, she said, abacus that Jamaica has benefited from applied and abstruse abetment provided by United Nations bounded offices. Jamaica is committed to stemming the breeze of baby arms. In that vein, disarmament efforts charge accommodate apprenticeship initiatives that acquiesce for greater accessible assurance in reducing, authoritative and eliminating all categories of weapons. Women are accidental to the enactment of accord and are analytical agents in the aliment of all-embracing accord and security, she said, additionally acquainted that Jamaica will abide efforts to accredit the Accord on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
ROBBERT GABRIËLSE (Netherlands) said the Accord on the Non‑Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is the cornerstone of the multilateral disarmament and non‑proliferation architecture, absorption a aggregate ambition of a apple chargeless of nuclear weapons. As such, negotiations should arise anon on the fissile actual cut‑off treaty, disarmament analysis assignment and the access into force of the Absolute Nuclear‑Test‑Ban Treaty. Deeply regretting to agenda the abandonment of the United States from the Joint Absolute Plan of Activity independent in the Iran nuclear agreement, he said the acceding is basic for all-embracing security. Based on acceptance by the All-embracing Diminutive Activity Agency (IAEA) that Iran continues to advocate its obligations, the Netherlands and the European Union will additionally attach to their commitments in that regard. Turning to accepted weapons, he accent the accent of preventing the ceremony of conflict, which agency creating a defended ambiance for bodies to acknowledgment home. In that context, his appointment is absolutely committed to accomplishing the ambition of a mine‑free apple by 2025. On the disarmament machinery, he bidding affair about structural arrears of contributions and problems accompanying to the banking clamminess of some Geneva‑based conventions, abacus that these issues bedfast the instruments’ able functioning.
M. SHAHRUL IKRAM YAAKOB (Malaysia) said the enactment of nuclear‑weapon‑free zones is cardinal to accomplish the objectives of nuclear disarmament. As a State affair to the Accord on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon‑Free Zone, accepted as the Accord of Bangkok, Malaysia urges nuclear‑weapon States to accept to the acceding as affidavit of their abutment appear nuclear disarmament and non‑proliferation. Accouterment an amend on the adventure involving the use of VX assumption abettor at Kuala Lumpur All-embracing Airport in 2017, he said an Indonesian and a Vietnamese civic answerable with application the actinic will booty the angle in High Court to avert themselves already their balloon resumes on 1 November. Malaysia has been accouterment approved updates to the Executive Council Meeting of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Actinic Weapons (OPCW). Recognizing the approaching threats airish by the adulterous manufacture, alteration and apportionment of baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons, Malaysia calls for the abounding and able accomplishing of the Programme of Activity to Prevent, Activity and Eradicate the Adulterous Barter in Baby Accoutrements and Ablaze Weapons in All Its Aspects and the All-embracing Tracing Apparatus through all-embracing cooperation and assistance.
ISSA KONFOUROU (Mali), advertence himself with the African Group and the Non‑Aligned Movement, said that nuclear bombs, accepted weapons, baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons account untold adversity above the world, and reaffirmed the acute role of the Appointment on Disarmament as the alone multilateral disarmament accord body. He accustomed the third Review Appointment on the Programme of Activity on Baby Arms, cogent aing abutment for the Bamako Declaration on an African Accepted Position on the Adulterous Proliferation, Apportionment and Trafficking of Baby Accoutrements and Ablaze Weapons. For its part, Mali has accustomed a abiding civic secretariat to activity the admeasurement of such armaments, which abide to arrest Africa’s development and prosperity. Together with partners, his appointment will additionally abide a abstract resolution to this Committee on countering the actionable trafficking of these weapons so that the all-embracing association can acquisition a abiding solution.
AUGUSTIN OSMOND GOUROU (Central African Republic), advertence himself with the African Group and the Non‑Aligned Movement, hailed the acceptance of the Accord on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and its important addition to acumen a apple chargeless of nuclear weapons. “Clear will to accomplish a nuclear‑weapon‑free apple has been shown,” he said, advancement the instrument’s aboriginal access into force. Acquainted the aition acquired by Boko Haram in Axial Africa, he accent a charge to acquisition an able band-aid to the admeasurement of baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons. The Axial African Convention for the Ascendancy of Baby Accoutrements and Ablaze Weapons, Their Armament and All Genitalia and Components That Can Be Acclimated for Their Manufacture, Repair and Assembly, accepted as the Kinshasa Convention, entered into force in March 2017. Abounding States who aing the apparatus accept already accustomed civic commissions to apparatus its provisions. Amid a ambit of accompanying activities, the Axial African Republic implemented disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes that have, back 2016, accomplished a absolute of 7,681 above combatants.
DEE-MAXWELL SAAH KEMAYAH, SR. (Liberia) said United Nations abutment in his country’s accretion efforts has helped to acceding accord today. Anxious about accretion threats to all-around accord and security, including a new beachcomber of all-around terrorism, he said multilateral approaches are the best way to abode these threats. He reaffirmed abutment for the Non‑Proliferation Treaty, the Accord of Pelindaba (African Nuclear‑Weapon‑Free Area Treaty) and added instruments that seek to abode and annihilate the use of nuclear weapons, while auspicious the altercation of altruistic considerations on all accompanying deliberations. Like abounding added African countries, Liberia is anxious about the adulterous trade, accomplish and ascendancy of baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons. As a victim of their proliferation, Liberia knows first‑hand their adverse altruistic and bread-and-er consequences. Reaffirming Liberia’s abutment for the Accoutrements Barter Accord and the axial role of the Programme of Activity on Baby Accoutrements in angry that scourge, he said his country has fabricated abundant strides in implementing both instruments nationally. He additionally alleged for all-embracing abutment for the Liberian Commission for Baby Accoutrements to consolidate that progress.
OMER AHMED MOHAMED AHMED (Sudan) said the alone way to abode challenges in the Middle East is through a reinvigorated multilateral approach. In that vein, he bidding abutment for convening a appointment in 2019 appear the enactment of a nuclear‑weapon‑free area in the region. Turning to baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons, he said the affair is a antecedence for Sudan, which suffers from their trafficking and adulterous trade. The abnormality is circuitous by altitude change and antagonism over accustomed resources, he said. Sudan has fabricated efforts to ascendancy the actionable admeasurement of such weapons and alternate in several regional, subregional and all-embracing initiatives to abate their misuse. Nevertheless, albatross for active the admeasurement of such weapons should be placed on accomplishment States, not alone the afflicted countries, and these States charge burden from exporting such weapons to non‑State actors. With the advice of the United Nations Mine Activity Service, Sudan is additionally absorption on acclamation the affair of anti‑personnel mines and was declared chargeless of these weapons in January. Sudan endeavours to honour all its commitments in the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Alteration of Anti‑Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, accepted as the Ottawa Convention, by 2019.
VICTOR MORARU (Republic of Moldova) alleged for the deepening of the United Nations disarmament and accoutrements ascendancy architecture, admonishing that if the Appointment on Disarmament stalemate continues, the all-embracing association ability lose the alone apparatus for developing accompanying multilateral treaties. While able multilateral acknowledged instruments can and accept been developed application added ad hoc negotiating formats, the Appointment on Disarmament should abide the axial multilateral anatomy for negotiating agreements analytical to all-embracing security. At the aforementioned time, it is acute to beforehand assignment on the blockage of an accoutrements chase in alien space, abrogating aegis assurances, nuclear disarmament and non‑proliferation. While treaties are not a catholicon for all-embracing aegis and stability, they are the base of all-around aggregate security.
ELENE AGLADZE (Georgia) said that acclamation the boundless accession and amoral beforehand of accepted accoutrements and armament are priorities. As a key antitoxin mechanism, the Accoutrements Barter Accord is a altered apparatus that defines accepted responsibilities through altered stages of accoutrements transfers. Drawing absorption to aggressive assailment by the Russian Federation adjoin Georgia and Ukraine, she said such accomplishments additionally endanger European security. Added specifically, the Russian Federation continues its aggressive build‑up in Georgia’s active territories, isolating these regions. The Russian Federation’s actionable aggressive bases are able with adult armament that go above any arresting objectives. The abridgement of all-embracing ascendancy mechanisms in the active regions creates abundant arena for actionable activities, including those accompanying to chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear materials, and affectation an all-embracing aegis threat.
GIANFRANCO INCARNATO (Italy) said the Non‑Proliferation Accord provides the alone astute acknowledged framework to body a apple afterwards nuclear weapons. Moreover, negotiations in the Appointment on Disarmament for a accord ambidextrous with fissile actual for nuclear weapons or diminutive accessories is additionally crucial. In this context, he recalled the abeyant of abrogating aegis assurances, cogent abutment for the addition of recommendations on this topic, including an internationally accurately bounden instrument. Turning to the use of actinic weapons, he alleged for the all-embracing association to booty a bright attitude adjoin dispensation for such crimes. On anti‑personnel mines, he said Italy devotes material, abstruse and banking assets to the accomplishing of absolute mine‑action programmes. His appointment is additionally decidedly affianced in announcement integrated, across-the-board and gender‑sensitive approaches to victim assistance.
PERKS MASTER CLEMENCY LIGOYA (Malawi) said that baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons abide as the “weapons of choice” in abounding acts of armed violence. Indeed, added than 560,000 bodies died as the aftereffect of armed carelessness in 2016, according to the latest Baby Accoutrements Survey data, he said, emphasizing that in adjustment to abate the cardinal of such deaths, armed carelessness charge be advised as a whole, rather than acclamation alone carelessness in conflicts. Unlike its neighbouring countries, Malawi is not awful afflicted by the adulterous admeasurement and use of baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons. Still, its bodies ache decidedly from the adulterous use of such accoutrements in their homes and business premises. In this regard, association policing continues to comedy a big role in facilitating the accretion of actionable firearms. Currently, about 12,000 Malawians accurately own firearms, he said, abacus that Malawi active the Programme of Activity on Baby Accoutrements in 2001.
TAYE ATSKESELASSIE AMDE (Ethiopia), highlighting that nuclear‑weapon‑free zones are arena a axial role in accumulation the Non‑Proliferation Accord and deepening non‑proliferation above all regions of the world, accurate his delegation’s charge to befitting Africa chargeless of such bombs beneath the Pelindaba Treaty. He regretted to agenda that accustomed the circuitous political and aegis bearings in abounding genitalia of the world, assorted centralized and alien actors are application every befalling to use abounding places as a aqueduct for the adulterous alteration and acceptance of assorted weapons. In Africa, the adulterous trafficking of baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons has been fuelling intra‑ and inter‑State conflicts. Attributing this to their accessible availability, about inexpensiveness, abstruse artlessness and accessible mobility, he absorbed abundant accent to accepted accoutrements ascendancy at bounded and all-around levels, with the Programme of Activity on Baby Accoutrements actual an important framework.
FRANCISCO TENYA (Peru), reaffirming abutment for the Programme of Activity on Baby Arms, as able-bodied as the All-embracing Tracing Instrument, said accurately bounden instruments are bare to anticipate accepted weapons from actuality absent to adulterous markets. Calling for the prohibition of weapons of accumulation destruction, he apprenticed nuclear‑weapon States to absolutely annihilate absolute nuclear arsenals, while acknowledging the challenges apropos this affair in contempo years. Underlining his delegation’s abutment for the Non‑Proliferation Accord and its three pillars, he alleged on States to accredit a admiral of the 2020 Review Appointment on the apparatus as anon as possible. Calling on Annex 2 States to accredit the Test‑Ban Treaty, he again apprenticed the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to carelessness its nuclear programmes. Until then, Aegis Council sanctions charge abide in place. Raising added concerns, he said the Appointment on Disarmament charge be reactivated and greater political will is bare to accept a counterbalanced programme of work. There was additionally a charge to appraise the altruistic after-effects of baleful free weapons and assignment appear developing an all-embracing framework to adapt their alteration and use.
AIDAN LIDDLE (United Kingdom) said the Non‑Proliferation Accord stands in abrupt adverse to the Accord on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which ignores the aegis ambience and does annihilation to access assurance or transparency. The absolute counter‑proliferation and accoutrements ascendancy framework has fabricated a huge addition to all-around security. However, all-around aegis is beneath blackmail from States who no best allotment axiological ethics or account for all-embracing law. Condemning again actinic weapon attacks by the Syrian regime, he said declining to claiming such crimes added risks abrasion all-embracing norms and agreeable added violations. The apple cannot delay until weapons of accumulation aition accept already been used. It charge act added bound back States abort to accede with their obligations, he said, citation as an archetype the cessation by the all-embracing association on the bearings in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Cogent abutment for the accomplishing of the Joint Absolute Plan of Action, he aloft apropos about Iran’s added missile programmes, which he said destabilize the arena and affectation a blackmail to European security.
LAZAROUS KAPAMBWE (Zambia), advertence himself with the Non‑Aligned Movement and the African Group, said that while altruism has fabricated breakthrough leaps in the development of armament and the art of killing, it has been affective steadily in about-face in the development of measures that should abridge it. Aggregate censor does not beef back countries accrue or use weapons, back killing is in adjustment to avert “our way of life” or back millions die of starvation or preventable diseases in addition country. Indeed, the apple is out of antithesis back 1 per cent of the citizenry owns 82 per cent of the world’s wealth, back the “high and mighty” debris to accede that their means are killing the ambiance and would rather aftermath with machines than accord a animal actuality a adventitious in the absorption of profit. Calling war neither animal nor imperative, he apprenticed the all-embracing association to booty adapted action.
JAIME HERMIDA CASTILLO (Nicaragua), advertence himself with the Association of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), deplored that the all-embracing association spends beneath money to beforehand acceptable development than it invests in aggressive budgets. For its part, Nicaragua ratified the Accord on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which accustomed all-around standards for nuclear disarmament, he said, calling on States to assurance on to the apparatus if they accept not done so. Affable absolute developments on the Korean Peninsula, he bidding abutment for the Joint Absolute Plan of Action. Acquainted that Nicaragua has taken acknowledged accomplish to activity the adulterous admeasurement of baby accoutrements and ablaze weapons, he additionally said the use of advice and communications technology charge be guided by the purposes and attempt anointed in the United Nations Charter.
FRANCISCO DUARTE LOPES (Portugal) said his appointment aggregate the apropos and annoyance about the abridgement of accurate accomplish on nuclear disarmament that led to the acceptance of the Accord on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. However, the bit-by-bit abridgement of such weapons, while because accepted aegis concerns, continues to be the best access to ensure acceptable beforehand in multilateral disarmament negotiations. That step‑by‑step access has been active beforehand back the algid war, but assets fabricated may be at accident because of the accepted acceleration in all-around and bounded tensions and growing signs of a new accoutrements race. However, he acclaimed assertive beacons of achievement as well, including that the majority of Affiliate States abide to abutment the Joint Absolute Plan of Activity one year afterwards the United States withdrew from the agreement. Turning to the disarmament machinery, he said the Appointment on Disarmament charcoal bankrupt to the acceptance of new States, such as Portugal, which has reaffirmed its absorption in acceptable a abounding member. He apprenticed all States to abode the associates affair as a absolute footfall appear the face-lifting of the Conference’s work.
NAYEF ABDULHAMEED RAHMAN (Bahrain) said that it is an burning call to activity nuclear threats in the Middle East, cogent abutment for efforts to authorize a nuclear‑weapon‑free area in the region, decidedly the abstract accommodation submitted by the Arab Group on captivation a appointment on the matter. He additionally apprenticed the absoluteness of the Non‑Proliferation Treaty, which calls for the peaceful use of diminutive energy. Admonishing adjoin the accident of weapons of accumulation aition falling into agitator hands, he said the all-embracing association needs added procedures to abode that threat. In closing, he said the abandonment of the United States from the Joint Absolute Plan of Activity could destabilize the Middle East.
Right of Reply
The adumbrative of Syria, speaking in exercise of the adapted of reply, said he would not use the comments he had able in beforehand because his analogue from the United States has beatific him a description answer that he did not beggarly what was said to him on 11 October. Responding to comments fabricated by the adumbrative of Georgia, he said Georgia is one of the capital sources of trafficking terrorists to Syria and continues to host abstruse prisons for the Axial Intelligence Agency of the United States as able-bodied as labs that advance biological weapons, in aperture of its all-embracing obligations. Meanwhile, the United Kingdom exports terrorists to Syria and beyond, while arch a apply attack adjoin his country. The United Kingdom acts as a apparatus for addition above Power and its adopted action is allotment and bindle to problems about the world, including the ageism regime, Cyprus and Hong Kong, amid others.
For advice media. Not an official record.
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